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Relationship of SCJ and SDGs


Relationship of SCJ and SDGs
Focusing on recommendations in the 23rd term

Goal 1. End poverty in all its forms everywhere Goal 2. End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition, and promote sustainable agriculture Goal 3. Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages Goal 4. Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all Goal 5. Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls Goal 6. Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all
Goal 7. Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all Goal 8. Promote sustained, inclusive, and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all Goal 9. Build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization, and foster innovation Goal 10. Reduce inequality within and among countries Goal 11. Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient, and sustainable Goal 12. Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns
Goal 13. Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts Goal 14. Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas, and marine resources for sustainable development Goal 15. Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, halt and reverse land degradation,  and halt biodiversity loss Goal 16. Promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all and build effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at all levels Goal 17. Strengthen the means of implementation and revitalize the Global Partnership for Sustainable Development SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT GOALS

The high-level objective of the recommendations of the Science Council of Japan (SCJ) is the achievement of human well-being. The roles of various recommendations that originated mainly in the 23rd period, October 1, 2014 - September 30, 2017, are directly and indirectly connected to the UN`s Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). One goal is assigned for one recommendation to introduce diverse proposals equally to each SDG. Most recommendations are related to multiple goals. From this point of view, their summary will be shown as follows.



Goal 1. End poverty in all its forms everywhere

Elimination of poverty in Japan
Toward expansion of youth support policy(Japanese version only) Committee on Sociology/Social Welfare

Subcommittee on Social Change and Youth Problem
The problem of "youth poverty" is serious in Japan, amidst the prolonged economic slump and social change since 1990s. We suggested actions from the 5 perspectives, safety net, education/human resource development, employment, gender, region, so that young people's present and future life will be stable and vital.
Elimination of poverty in the world
Japanese style strategic support for industrial development(Japanese version only) Committee on Area Studies

Subcommittee on International Regional Development Research
In order to eliminate poverty in developing countries, it is extremely important to realize industrial development, to create employment and to improve the standard of living. However, there is no widely accepted strategy for industrial development. In order to provide more effective development support, Japan which has abundant proven track record of assisting developing countries in Asia, should develop support strategies by taking advantage of its experience.

Goal 2. End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition, and promote sustainable agriculture

Stabilization of world food production
Necessity of improving foundation of soil science and strengthening research under both slow and sudden environmental changes(Japanese version only) Committee on Agriculture

Subcommittee on Soil Science
The foundation of food production is agriculture, but the obstacle to agricultural production is now the soil change that is accelerating due to environmental changes such as intensification of weather phenomena in the world, including Japan. Soil contamination due to harmful substances is also serious in some areas. We recommended how to do science and education in Japan, for the international problem of sustainably raising its production function while maintaining the original function of the soil, which supports the ecosystem.
Another approach for stabilization of world food production
Challenges and developments of breeding science dealing with climate change (Japanese version only)
Committee on Agriculture

Subcommittee on Plant Breeding
The development of crops is important to improve the productivity of agriculture. For example, deterioration of the grain quality of rice in Japan and of the quality of fruits in the world was caused by climate change such as global warming. We discussed issues to develop crops to improve yield tolerating such fluctuations. We also examined issues to realize sustainable agricultural production that reduces the burden on the environment.

Goal 3. Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages

Good medical care given to everyone
Construction of next-generation healthcare platform to realize sustainable best medical treatment(Japanese version only) Committee on Clinical medicine

Subcommittee for the improvement and utilization of nationwide surgical database
In an aging society, it is an urgent task to improve the quality of medical care while controlling medical expenses. Currently, it is a problem that the clinical data of patients are not accumulated in the form of being utilized, and cannot not be used for verification. Nationwide databases are effective, especially for verifying the effect of novel therapies, on the assumption that personal information is adequately protected. We proposed the construction and utilization of "medical platform" based on a database.
Development of advanced medical technology with understanding by people in society
Genome Editing Technology in Medical Sciences and Clinical Applications in Japan Committee on Genome Editing Technology in Medical Sciences and Clinical Applications This is the SCJ's first recommendation regarding the medical uses of genome editing. The committee concluded that we should carefully proceed with its development to treat patients with intractable diseases, while requesting a moratorium on the clinical application by genetically modifying human germ cells and embryos. More discussions in society were expected regarding the use of genome editing for basic research and clinical application.
More safe examination that anyone can undergo
Recommendation on reduction of medical radiation exposure by CT examinations(Japanese version only) Committee on Clinical Medicine

Subcommittee on Radiology and Laboratory Medicine
Do you know the fact that "Japanese and USA's medical radiation exposure dose is the highest in the world and keeps increasing"? The average exposure dose Japanese people receive is about 6 mSv per year, but the average exposure dose by CT is several to a dozen mSv per examination. It would be better to receive a CT examination, but there is no doubt that there is a need to reduce it. We proposed a policy for that.
Consideration for the health of visitors to Japan
Emergency recommendation for the establishment of the Tokyo passive smoking prevention ordinance(Japanese version only) Committee on Health/Human Life Science

Subcommittee for moving toward a tobacco-free society
You may think "why is it limited only for Tokyo?" This is for the 2020 Tokyo Olympic and Paralympic. It is a problem if sports fans coming to watching them from abroad are exposed to second-hand smoke in public places. We made an urgent recommendation to Tokyo metropolitan government to implement laws (regulation) to prevent passive smoking in public places.

Goal 4. Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all

More comprehensive history education to all
What is expected for "Comprehensive History"(Japanese version only) Committee on History / Archaeology

Subcommittee on History Education in High School
We made 10 recommendations for secondary education in the 23rd term of SCJ. Among them, this recommendation attracted particular attention. Since 2011, the Committee on History / Archaeology denied an alternative of "world history or Japan's history" from a global perspective. Students should study the past, present and future of the world and Japan subjectively and comprehensively. In response to this, the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology started moving toward establishing compulsory subjects called "Comprehensive History." We pointed out that there are still major issues in the content.
More education for everyone to create society for everyone
18 years old as a citizen - reform of civic curriculum at high school aiming to cultivate citizenship - (Japanese version only) Committee on Psychology /Education

Subcommittee on high school civic education aiming to cultivate citizenship
Another new compulsory subject at high school curriculum named "Public" was also proposed by a subcommittee consisting of members of pedagogy, political science, history, philosophy, law, and anthropology. It is an education that promotes "citizenship" which has advanced the "citizen" education so far, considering the diversity and subjectivity of the learning side. It is an urgent recommendation that discusses the importance of the 18-year-old voting rights and discusses what is important in education to build a democratic society together.
More environmental education for everyone with people in society
Toward integrated promotion of environmental education (Japanese version only) Committee on Ecology and Environmental Science

Subcommittee on Philosophy and Education for Environment
Is it necessary to educate people on the importance of resources and problems of environmental destruction by industry for environmental education? That is what we have thought since the Great East Japan Earthquake. In other words, environmental education may include disaster prevention and actions after disaster. It became apparent that it is important not only to learn in school but also with people in the community. Therefore, recommendations for "integrated environmental education" were made.
Improvement of educational environment
Toward improvement of campus design and its maintenance system of universities in Japan (Japanese version only) Committee on Civil Engineering / Architecture

Subcommittee on discussion on university campus as environments evoking intellectual creation and activities
A questionnaire was taken to universities nationwide, and many universities responded by saying that their university's campus design does not compete well internationally. Although the content of education and research are more important, the attractive campus in appearance and function also creates excellence for students both from outside and inside Japan.

Goal 5. Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls

More comprehensive "Gender equality"
Toward assuring the rights of sexual minorities - focusing on marriage, education, labor (Japanese version only) Committee on Law,

Subcommittee for assuring the rights of LGBTI in society and education
SDGs have established gender equality achievement, but there is no direct description on sexual minorities (LGBTI). Because there are countries legally and socially negative to homosexuality in the world, they could not make consensus. This recommendation is based on the current situation that in Japan many people have various difficulties in social life and school life even though 8% of people are regarded as sexual minority. We proposed establishment of the law for dissolution of discrimination.
Keeping encouraging "STEM girls"
Measures to expand women's participation in the scientific community (Japanese version only) Committee for the Scientific Community

Subcommittee on Gender Equality
Basic Act for Gender Equal Society was established in 1999, and recently there has been a boom of STEM girls. However, Japan still has the lowest level female ratio of researchers in the OECD. The reason was thought that the various efforts to promote gender equality were scattered, and it was found that there was insufficient data collection and verification. We made recommendations for them. To reflect The Fourth Basic Plan for Gender Equality 2015, we called for the establishment of specialized agencies with the authority to organically link the related initiatives.

Goal 6. Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all

As a hub of Asia of the headquarters
Toward Realizing a Sustainable Global Society - Promotion of Future Earth (Japanese version only) Committee for Promoting the Future Earth Initiative Although it is hard to notice it in Japan, the global environmental problem of "water" directly linked to life is one of the most important issues. "Future Earth (FE)" is an international project that has been newly established to deal with global environmental problems including water problems. One of the five international headquarters secretariat of FE is in Japan, and the scientific conference is in charge of its operation. In this recommendation, we call on FE promotion in Japan to all scientific communities and stakeholders (policymakers, companies, local governments, media, education officials, citizen groups, etc.).
Elimination of radioactive contamination
Promotion of decontamination in radioactive contaminated areas –Scientific decontamination directly connected to Reality – (Japanese version only)

Committee on Agriculture, Subcommittee on Soil Science Since the Fukushima accident, the committee has conducted research on decontamination in radioactive contaminated areas and has studied ways to effectively promote decontamination. In this recommendation, we propose several items that are not bound by the idea of conveying and isolating polluted soils to remote areas, and concerning water pollution, we are paying attention to irrigation ponds, lakes and rice paddies.

Goal 7. Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all

Clean and safe energy for everyone
Long-term perspective on the use of renewable energy (Japanese version only)
The Great East Japan Earthquake Recovery Assistance Committee

Energy Supply Subcommittee
Based on our experience of the Fukushima nuclear accident, we recognized that Japan's energy supply and demand plan was forced to undergo fundamental change, and repeatedly considered to expand the introduction of renewable energy that does not emit carbon dioxide. Solar power generation, wind power generation, biomass power generation, geothermal power generation, hydroelectric power generation, marine energy utilization are analyzed respectively, including hydrogen energy for storage and transportation, in this report.
Avoiding "damned if you do, damned if you don't" energy policies
Direction of policy for Japan's energy and global warming countermeasures based on the Paris Agreement (Japanese version only)
Committee on Comprehensive Synthetic Engineering

Subcommittee on energy-related science and technology
The Paris Agreement is an international agreement that established a framework of greenhouse gas emission reduction that came into effect in 2016. Approximately 67% of greenhouse gas emissions in the world are emissions from energy, which is about 84% in Japan. Everyone knows that energy saving is important, but how can we make measures while paying attention to cost effectiveness? We discussed the issues from the viewpoint of energy mix, considering the balance of S + 3E (safety/security + energy security/stable supply, economic efficiency, environmental friendliness).

Goal 8. Promote sustained, inclusive, and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all

Challenging work anywhere in Japan
For a sustainable and systematic regional development in the society in the era of declining population in Japan (Japanese version only) Committee on Area Studies

Subcommittee on Human/Economic Geographies, Subcommittee on Geoinformatics
It is said that young people concentrate in Tokyo area because there are few attractive jobs in peripheral areas. Town, people, work creation headquarters in the government are planning and implementing various measures for the purpose. However, we saw that it was not going well, and made recommendations that included verification of regional creation relationship grants, utilization of information for policy planning, flexible regional cooperation, and so on.
Worthwhile work experience with work-life balance
Report on the regulation of working hours(Japanese version only)
Committee on Economics

Subcommittee on Work-Life Balance Research
Long working hours of full-time workers in Japan has lead to creation of karoshi, death due to overwork. The government has introduced the "Working Reform Execution Plan" in 2017 March to put a ceiling on overtime work hours. In our report, we recommended that an overtime work hour ceiling should cover holiday work. We also recommended mandatory rest hour of eleven hours after a work day. Further measures are necessary to improve work and life balance of workers.

Goal 9. Build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization, and foster innovation

Appropriate evaluation of the intellectual creativity of the creator
Legal development in the selection of intellectual producers in public procurement - Revision of accounting law and local autonomy law to create beautiful environment (Japanese version only) Committee on Law, Committee on Economics, Committee on Civil Engineering / Architecture

Joint subcommittee on discussion on public purchase of intellectual producers
We remember that the design of the new National Stadium has been involved in some controversy, but in many cases the design of public facilities are determined not by such competition but by price competitive bidding. In other words, the cheaper ones are adopted. The creators lose motivation and the quality declines with this way. Therefore, in cooperation with law scholars, economists, civil engineers and architects, we refer these creators as "intellectual producers" and propose legislative reforms to stop price competitive bidding.
Great manufacturing country again
Issues and prospects of manufacturing human resources development from the viewpoint of materials engineering (Japanese version only) Committee on Materials Engineering

Subcommittee on Forward Development of Materials Engineering
People call Japan a "manufacturing country", but there was a pitfall. Japanese are good at creating superior materials, but not so good at fabricating finished products. For example, US companies make profits on aircraft equipment assembled using fine ceramics produced by Japanese. Such weakness of Japanese product planning is attributed to low capability of design conception. To improve this weakness, manufacturing human resources development should be established through academic-industrial collaboration, revised university education curriculum, public awareness campaign to high school students, and an increase in female researchers and engineers.

Goal 10. Reduce inequality within and among countries

elimination of economic inequality
Recommendation for Building the ‘inclusive society’ (Japanese version only)
Committee on Sociology/Social Welfare , Committee on Economics,

Joint subcommittee on
Promote Social Policy Toward Inclusive Society
The in-work poverty and deterioration of working conditions, including long working hours, have become huge social problems in Japan. This document recommends to the Japanese government to reformulate its social and labor policies to incorporate the principle of "social inclusion" at its core, and suggests actual reform ideas in its social security, public assistance, education, and labor systems.
Support for nuclear disaster victims
Recommendations on the status of municipality residents of evacuees of the nuclear disaster caused by the Great East Japan Earthquake (Japanese version only) The Great East Japan Earthquake Recovery Assistance Committee

Subcommittee on health effect assessment, health management and medical care following the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident
Evacuees of the Fukushima nuclear accident should not be forced to select either returning to the original home town or completely moving to other places. SCJ recommends keeping a "designated municipality" for the time being, under the Nuclear Power Plant Evacuees Special Law, and proposes to establish a system that allows evacuees to maintain ties with both evacuation sources and destination municipalities. Having possible similar cases in mind, the Japanese government should develop new systems such as ‘ Special Residents ’ for people who keep resident registration in the original municipalities and ‘ Specific Relocated Residents ’ for those who transferred registration.

Goal 11. Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient, and sustainable

City where we can continue living even if an earthquake occurs
Toward disaster-proof mega cities (including earthquakes) (Japanese version only) Committee on Civil Engineering and Architecture

Subcommittee on disaster mitigation of mega-cities against huge earthquakes
Tokyo is one of the largest cities in the world, and is the capital of Japan, a heavily earthquake-prone country. The Japanese population and much of its functionality are highly concentrated in Tokyo. Since the Japanese government may be unable to respond properly following such a major disaster, countermeasures should be carefully prepared. These countermeasures shall focus not only on post-earthquake recovery, but also on a long-term seismic-resisting strategy accompanied by drastic structural changes to the city aimed at reducing risk. These efforts shall be carried out cooperatively by various groups, such as individuals, families, companies, municipalities, and the government.
Delivery of scientific achievements to society for disaster reduction
Promotion of cooperation and co-creation by science and society toward reduction of disasters and formation of a sustainable society (Japanese version only) Committee on Earth and Planetary Science

Subcommittee for Human Geoscience
Many scientists in Japan are doing research aimed at alleviating disasters and forming a more sustainable society. However, good research does not always reach society, nor is it justly appreciated by society. We recommend provision of the places for cooperation and co-creation of science and society toward reduction of disasters, provision of the opportunities for education and learning that form their bases, and further development and release of the regional information useful for reduction and mitigation of disasters.

キーワード:災害、ユネスコスクール、ジオパーク、地質地盤、歴史記録、科学インタープリタ、地理教育

Deliver our discussion to the world further
Disaster Risk Reduction and Promotion of International Research on Disaster Prevention and Mitigation – Recommendations for Implementation of the Sendai Framework for Disaster Reduction and Tokyo Statement Committee for International Affairs

Subcommittee for the Tokyo Conference on International Study for Disaster Risk Reduction and Resilienc

Committee on Civil Engineering / Architecture,

Subcommittee for IRDR
We would like to achieve disaster prevention and disaster reduction all over the world through international cooperation as well as in Japan. The SCJ held its "Tokyo Conference for International Studies on Disaster Prevention and Reduction" in January, 2015. By presenting the results of the discussion here to the "Tokyo Declaration" and "Tokyo Action Guidelines" to the international community, the importance of science and technology in the "Sendai disaster reduction framework" was adopted at the United Nations World Conference on Disaster Reduction in March of the same year.. This proposal summarizes these discussions and comprehensively presents the matters to be implemented in cooperation from all over the world in terms of science and technology, the implementing body and concrete activities, and actions to be taken by Japan.

Goal 12. Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns

For our future without excessive expectation and misunderstanding technology
Toward the future we want with automated driving – Understanding the current situation, seen from academia – (Japanese version only) Committee on Comprehensive Synthetic Engineering, Committee on Mechanical Engineering

Subcommittee on Safety, Security and Risk in Engineering Systems
Although expectations for automated driving are increasing, negative aspects such as traffic accidents have not yet been solved. This problem will be more serious in the aging society. We need to understand properly the current state of automated driving technically and legally from the perspectives of both consumption and production, and recommended a new system of industry, government, and academia collaboration from a long-term perspective.
Realization of Society 5.0 supported by science and technology created together with society
Recommendations on biomaterials research supporting medical care (Japanese version only) Committee on Materials Engineering

Subcommittee on Biomaterials
It is necessary to facilitate biomaterials research, which plays a key role in realizing smart medical care in Society 5.0. Here, we made proposals on the establishment of novel educational systems and the human resource development that can implement innovative ways of thinking into each individuals to lead basic research and practical applications in the global field of biomaterials.

Goal 13. Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts

Linkage of climate change measures with aging society measures
Path to urban and architecture with low carbon and healthy lifestyle (Japanese version only) Committee on Ecology and Environmental Science, Committee on Civil Engineering / Architecture,

Subcommittee on Pathway to Low Carbon and Wellbeing Society with Lifestyle and Consumer Behavior
Reducing CO2 emissions for climate change and global warming countermeasures is a serious obligation for those involved in cities, buildings, and transportation. In Japan, the railroad system was established during the economic growth period of the Showa era and its population inflows into the city. It was once honorable in the world in terms of CO2 emissions, but now we need a new policy to shift to a super aging society. Recognizing the problem that elderly people and children need places where they can rest and relax, and that we have to realize further lower carbonization of traffic in small and medium cities, we propose four concrete items.
Adaptation measures needed for large-scale storm and flood damage
Promotion of scientific and technological research that responds to new developments of large-scale storm and flood disaster adaptation measures – Responding to actual needs with the progress of social implementation – (Japanese version only) Committee on Civil Engineering/Architecture,

Subcommittee on measure corresponding to storm, flood and sediment disaster caused by global environmental change
In promoting large-scale storm and flood disaster adaptation measures, we made our recommendation based on two key factors: that knowledge is the foundation of grasping issues and examining solutions, and that technology to support these solutions are required. We appeal for two kinds of support: (1) support for cooperative activities by grasping on-site needs, and (2) support for maintenance and development of organized cooperation system. We want to help the community become “ sound and active”, by using the word "resilience" (the ability of society to endure the influence of external environmental change and to reconstruct).

Goal 14. Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas, and marine resources for sustainable development

Promoting the water industry with protecting various creatures in the sea
Sustainable fisheries in Japan - An ecosystem approach for fishery management (Japanese version only) Committee on Food Science

Subcommittee on Fisheries Science
Although the sushi boom is global, Japan's fisheries production decreased to 4.4 million metric tons in 2016 from its peak of 12.8 million metric tons recorded in 1984. This decrease is caused by various factors such as aging fishermen, dwindling domestic consumer demand for fish, and so on. This recommendation focuses on the problem of fishery resource depletion, proposing that ecosystem approach for fisheries management should be introduced and scientific monitoring of the ocean should be continued.

Support research for the oceans, sea and marine resources
Securing navigation days of research vessels indispensable for the promotion of Japan's marine science (Japanese version only)
Committee on Earth and Planetary Science

Subcommittee for SCOR (Scientific Committee on Ocean Research)
Understanding complex marine processes is very important from the perspective of reliable prediction of our future environment. It is also crucial for securing living/non-living marine resources, conserving ecosystems, and preventing natural disasters. Despite the importance of training scientists engaged in marine science, navigation days of research vessels for that purpose have decreased by half in the past five years. This means that the practical training period for young marine scientists has decreased drastically. We sounded a warning on this kind of situation in our country.

Goal 15. Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, halt and reverse land degradation, and halt biodiversity loss

Protection of green in the city with flexible thinking
Recommendations for the development of the New National Stadium Japan  based on the history of the Jingu Gaien - For the realization of the "genuine forest" rooted in the earth (Japanese version only) Committee on Ecology and Environmental Science

Subcommittee on city, nature and environment
Meiji Jingu Gaien boasts a natural environment where diverse organisms inhabit, despite its short history of being built in 1926. However, the ecology in the Gaien will also be affected as a result of the construction of the New National Stadium Japan, if a park with artificial ground is created. Therefore, we suggested the creation of a "Mori" which is capable of sustainable growth by rooting in the earth without artificial ground in accordance with the vegetation zone of the area and maintaining a sound water circulation.
Coexistence of cost burden and promotion of genetic research for protecting biodiversity
The treatment of Digital Sequence Information with Respect to the Convention on Biological Diversity and the Nagoya
Committee on Basic Biology, Committee on Integrated Biology, Committee on Agricultural Science, Committee on Basic Medical Science

Genetic Resources Subcommittee

Committee on Agricultural Science, Committee on Food Science

Nagoya Protocol Implications on Agricultural Science Review Subcommittee
To achieve the objectives of the Convention on Biological Diversity and the Nagoya Protocol, prompt registration to public databases and the free utilization of digital sequence information are essential. From this perspective, they support the views that the Japanese government submitted to the Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity in September 2017 and made their recommendations.

Goal 16. Promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all and build effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at all levels

Prevention of research results from being used for war and terrorism
Dual use problem on pathogen research (Japanese version only)
Committee on Basic Medical Sciences

Subcommittee for the pathogenic microbe researches
The pressing concern that pathogens could be used as bacterial weapons and cause bioterrorism is becoming a reality. For instance, the urgent concern of scientific researches on high-pathogenic avian influenza caused by specific genetic mutations could be potentially abused by terrorism has been raised in 2011. We recommend the measure to disseminate among researchers the possible risks in pursuing pathogen research and propose recommendations for the relevant education and management.
Fostering peace-oriented citizens under fair judgment
High School New Course for "Public(tentative name)" - Proposal from Political Science - (Japanese version only) Committee on Political Science/Public Policy The subjects of "politics and economics" at high school and the basic knowledge of political institutions about political education were merely acquired in public education in Japan, to maintain neutrality. However, education that balances neutrality and participation learning is newly needed, as the age of voting rights has been lowered to 18 years and new subjects "public(tentative name)" are introduced. Therefore, we recommend concrete measures of education to cultivate the ability to participate actively in the formation of the state and society by students acquiring the ability to understand the political issues themselves and to analyze and judge complex phenomena.

Goal 17. Strengthen the means of implementation and revitalize the Global Partnership for Sustainable Development

Recommendations particularly contributing directly to revitalizing the global partnership are presented again among the recommendations and reports introduced on Goals 1 to 16

Toward Realizing a Sustainable Global Society - Promotion of Future Earth-(Japanese version only) Committee for Promoting the Future Earth Initiative Future Earth (FE) is an international program by collaboration with the scientific community, UN agencies, and other organizations to promote research to deal with various global environmental issues at the regional and national levels related to SDGs. We are pursuing a number of interdisciplinary international collaborative research projects, with the aim of solving issues such as water, energy, climate, ocean, ecosystem, and cities under FE. One of the five international headquarters secretariats of FE is in Japan, and the SCJ is in charge of its operation. This recommendation calls for promotion of FE in Japan to all scientific communities and stakeholders (policymakers, enterprises, local governments, media, education officials, citizen groups, etc.).

Disaster Risk Reduction and Promotion of International Research on Disaster Prevention and Mitigation – Recommendations for Implementation of the Sendai Framework for Disaster Reduction and Tokyo Statement Committee for International Affairs

Subcommittee for the Tokyo Conference on International Study for Disaster Risk Reduction and Resilience

Committee on Civil Engineering / Architecture

Subcommittee for IRDR
How do we prevent disasters such as major fires and building collapses that are expected to occur in cities during a major earthquake? According to conventional earthquake resistance standards in Japan, it was supposed to prevent building collapse against the level of earthquake motion occurring just once in 475 years (10% probability in 50 years). On the other hand, we revised the criteria to assume the earthquake ground motion of the level once occurring in 2475 (the probability of 2% in 50 years). We recommended 11 items based on the latest scientific knowledge and our expanded imagination.

Japanese-style strategic support for industrial development Committee on Area Studies

Subcommittee on International Regional Development Research
To eliminate poverty in developing countries, it is extremely important to achieve industrial development, to create employment, and to improve the standard of living. However, there is no widely accepted strategy for industrial development. To provide more effective development support, Japan, which has an abundant proven track record of assisting developing countries in Asia, should develop support strategies by taking advantage of its experience.

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